Wind channeling, magnetospheres, and spindown of magnetic massive stars

Type Conference Paper
Names S. P. Owocki, A. ud-Doula, R. H. D. Townsend, V. Petit, J. O. Sundqvist, D. H. Cohen
Conference Name IAU Symposium
Volume 302
Pages 320-329
Date August 1, 2014
DOI 10.1017/S1743921314002415
ISBN 1743-9221
Library Catalog
Abstract A subpopulation (~10%) of hot, luminous, massive stars have been revealed through spectropolarimetry to harbor strong (hundreds to tens of thousand Gauss), steady, large-scale (often significantly dipolar) magnetic fields. This review focuses on the role of such fields in channeling and trapping the radiatively driven wind of massive stars, including both in the strongly perturbed outflow from open field regions, and the wind-fed ``magnetospheres'' that develop from closed magnetic loops. For B-type stars with weak winds and moderately fast rotation, one finds ``centrifugal magnetospheres'', in which rotational support allows magnetically trapped wind to accumulate to a large density, with quite distinctive observational signatures, e.g. in Balmer line emission. In contrast, more luminous O-type stars have generally been spun down by magnetic braking from angular momentum loss in their much stronger winds. The lack of centrifugal support means their closed loops form a ``dynamical magnetosphere'', with trapped material falling back to the star on a dynamical timescale; nonetheless, the much stronger wind feeding leads to a circumstellar density that is still high enough to give substantial Balmer emission. Overall, this review describes MHD simulations and semi-analytic dynamical methods for modeling the magnetospheres, the magnetically channeled wind outflows, and the associated spin-down of these magnetic massive stars.
Tags Magnetic Fields, Rotation, X-Rays, early-type, mass loss, stars
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